As the discussion on legalizing marijuana continues, it is important to distinguish between the two most popular components of this plant – cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both of these substances work with the endocannabinoid system found in the human body and yet they have differnt effects. But what is the difference between the two?
THC is the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. It is the compound that makes ‘high’ when you use cannabis. CBD, on the other hand, will not get you high and it has myriad health benefits.
Although CBD and THC have a similar chemical structure and molecular mass, we react differently to the two compounds.
THC makes you feel euphoric, drowsy or sleepy, while CBD keeps you feeling calm and energized.
When they are taken together, CBD neutralizes the effects of THC. Nonetheless, most CBD products on the market contain very low or zero levels of THC.
Health Benefits of CBD vs. THC
CBD and THC have a significant number of similar health benefits. They can alleviate a few similar conditions. Some people choose CBD because it is legal and does not have any psychoactive effect
In June 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Epidiolex, a prescription medication that contains CBD. Epidiolex is used to treat rare, hard-to-control types of epilepsy.
CBD is used to treat different conditions such as:
- psychosis or mental disorders
- inflammatory bowel disease
THC helps with the following conditions:
- muscle spasticity
- low appetite
CBD vs. THC for Anxiety
The cannabis plant contains in excess of 100 phytochemicals known as cannabinoids. The best-known phytocannabinoids are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
In some people, THC has been found to over-energize neural pathways and trigger uneasiness and suspicion. Specialists say this only happens in some people. CBD, then again, does not have psychoactive properties, and it diminishes tension and some other side effects of THC.
Most CBD products on the market are extracted from industrial hemp, a cultivar of cannabis which contains low levels of CBD. This is why you don’t get high when you use CBD products and why they are legal and cannabis is not.
Indica strains of cannabis, in general, have more CBD. In the event that cannabis makes you neurotic, search out a strain with higher CBD and lower THC content.
Increasing Legalization of Marijuana
Governments across the world are reassessing laws on the recreational and medicinal use of cannabis. The therapeutic uses of THC and CBD will no doubt contribute to these discussions. What’s more, the marijuana industry could generate billions of dollars annually.